All About Medication Errors Law

Medical Error (Medication Errors) Law is a branch of Medical Malpractice law. These errors can cause permanent and severe injury or even death. These kinds of mistake can happen at any moment during the course of choosing, prescribing and supplying medications.

It could be administering the incorrect drug, prescribing the wrong drug dose, incorrect drug interaction, and a variety of other accidents, problems and mistakes linked with medication. The most widespread mistakes are the ones made by the doctors and nurses when administering medicine, though pharmacy error play a factor to this dilemma as well.

Medication mistakes are accountable for more than one million deaths or serious injuries in the United States each year. These kinds of mistakes are a needless hazard in out-patient facilities, nursing homes, hospitals, surgical centers and clinics.

Medication reconciliation is a vital policy for handling the increased danger present throughout periods of transition of medical care, like admission processes, transfers within, as well as discharges. It states a detailed assessment of patients’ medication orders in these circumstances to prevent drug interactions, dosing errors, omissions, duplications, etc.

Medical Malpractice
Medical malpractice case

Who is Liable for Medication Error Law

Going to the doctor can be frightening, but more so when you face a medical crisis. The majority of folks still place a huge amount of faith in their medical experts, whether nurses, doctors, or other medical personnel.

Regrettably, despite that faith, numerous medical mistakes happen each year. And when they do, the results can range from nothing to a patient’s fatality. Medication is an easy way for a mistake to take place. For a certain medicine to obtain from the maker to a patient, it should pass through numerous hands.

Every hand brings in further possibilities for dilemmas, from exposure to various inappropriate temperatures to misidentification by pharmacy technicians, as well as wrong prescription to over dosing.

When a medication mistake happens, who’s held liable? Who should need to provide financial support for the shattered lives that this error caused?


Nurses and doctors are generally the main target of medication error cases. These are frequently the individuals who in fact prescribed and ordered the drug, and thus, normally in the best place to avoid the slip.

Nurses and doctors have a duty to their patients to perform their best and to stay vigilant regarding stuff such as allergic reactions, dangerous drug interactions, or other things that might make the medication do worse than good.

If these experts fail to see those considerations whenever prescribing or ordering treatment, or fail to correctly monitor a patient for unfavorable reactions while under their care, that could result in liability.

Pharmacists may as well be in cross hairs. Another widespread cause of medication-related fatalities, medication misidentification is an effortless thing to do. However, these experts as well owe a responsibility to avoid just that somewhat jumble from happening.

Moreover, they should follow the instruction given by the doctor, counting refills, and providing too many, inadequate, or a wrong substitute medication can as well be problematic and cause liability.

The Evil Doctor
The Evil Doctor


Besides pharmacists, doctors, and nurses, the establishments which they work for frequently find themselves preys for medication-error cases.

Whether a clinic, a pharmacy, a hospital, or a qualified practice group, these establishments frequently have extensive financial resources than the folks involved, therefore making them perfect targets for injured parties who require compensation.

These organizations owe a responsibility to reliably hire and observe the behavior of their workers. Thus, mistakes by whichever of the staff could be blamed on the employer too.

Intentional misconduct could be an exception. There are some instances wherein medical experts have been known to prescribe and order medications improperly without being asked to for entertainment purposes, or as an attempt to alleviate the suffering of a terminally-ill patient.

When the deadly medicine has been ordered purposely, the establishment may not be held responsible unless proven that the establishment had knowledge or should’ve known concerning the inappropriate behavior and let it ensue anyway.


Manufacturers are less often wanted for medication mistakes, however, more commonly sued for matters relating to drug risks even when administered in the approved manner.

Such actions normally happen in large, class suits wherein a faction of harmed patients, or their survivors, gathers as one to file a massive court case against the medicine manufacturer.

Frequently, these cases get national attention, and create results that can reach up to hundreds of millions in cash.

Others in the Stream of Commerce

On some cases, a deadly medication error could be the responsibility of somebody else within the stream of commerce. Per se, that party might find itself responsible, frequently to one of the other individual accused of crime.

For instance, a defendant could sue a shipper considering the drug should’ve been harmless unless exposed to extreme temperature while being transferred. Or a medicine may barely have a short shelf life that wouldn’t have been exceeded only if it came on time.

Furthermore, a drug can be mixed up while within the flow of commerce, causing a fatal mistake.

Seek Legal Advice

If you acquired an injury due to a medication mistake, or if you face liability resulting from such an error, it’s critical to talk to a lawyer right away.

The network of interconnected liabilities, various theories of fault as well as procedural requisites for such cases entail the help of a qualified attorney with knowledge in that area.

Missed Diagnoses and Drug Errors are Main Causes of Malpractice Suits

The majority primary care physicians are sued generally for drug errors and missed diagnoses, researchers at Trinity College Dublin and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Medical School stated in BMJ Open. Nearly all of the missed diagnosed cases involved meningitis, cancer and heart attack.

The authors, T. Fahey, S. M. Smith, E. Wallace, and J. Lowry stated that few studies have been made on proceedings at the primary care level, which is shocking, given that the majority of patient visits are along with their general practitioner (primary care doctor).

The team collected and studied data from published research regarding the number of medical malpractice suits at the primary care level in April 2012 and January 2013 as well. Moreover, they desired to determine what causes the claims.

After browsing 7,152 studies, they chose 34 which were qualified for their study. Fifteen of the studies were conducted in the US, nine in the United Kingdom, 7 in Australia, 2 in France, and 1 in Canada.

car accident injury
Head injury caused by car accident.

The researchers discovered that:

7.8 percent of suits in April 2012 and 16 percent in January 2013 were primary care doctors. There was a 20 percent general increase in suits in the United Kingdom from 2009 to 2010, and suits against GPs (general practitioners) comprised the greatest percentage of the increase.

Between 1994 and 1999, suits against UK general practitioners more than doubled. In Australia, primary care (general practice) comprised the highest percentage of suits for 2009 and 2010 based on the files of Medical Indemnity National Collection.

In general, in the countries surveyed, missed diagnoses comprised between 26 and 63 percent of all medical malpractice claims.

The most widespread result of supposed malpractice was death, ranging from 15 to 48 percent of all lawsuits brought for missed diagnoses. In the lawsuit brought, the most frequently missed diagnosed cases were associated to cancer and heart attack among adults.

There were numerous claims that allege missed diagnoses such as ectopic pregnancy, fractures, and appendicitis. Among pediatric patients, the most widespread claims were linked to meningitis and cancer.

The next most widespread sources of medical malpractice claims were drug errors, ranging from 5.6 to 20 percent of all cases. Most claims were unsuccessful. In the USA, just 33 percent of claims winded up in a disbursement; and almost 50 percent in the UK.

Over the last two decades, the number of medical malpractice lawsuits brought against US primary care doctors has not altered drastically. This hasn’t been the situation in Australia and the United Kingdom, where claims against general practitioners have been progressively rising.

The term primary care has a somewhat different definition of country to country, making it difficult to take a broad view from these results, the authors stated. “Utilizing legal claims as a substitute for unpleasant events has its limits as well,” they further stated.

personal injury
X-ray scan of a back injury.

In the journal’s abstract, the authors concluded:

“This malpractice claims review in primary care focuses on medication and diagnosis error as fields to be prioritized in creating risk management systems and educational strategies. “

Blood thinners comprise 7 percent of all medical errors – University of Illinois researchers reported in Annals of Pharmacotherapy that about 7 percent of all medical errors in patients that are hospitalized in the United States involve anticoagulant drugs (blood thinners), which are prescribed to lessen the risk of heart attack and stroke by stopping blood clots inside the arteries and veins.

Ten percent of career time in waiting for resolutions in a medical malpractice claim – the average physician in the United States spends about 10 percent of their career time waiting for a medical malpractice claim resolution, Seth Seabury (RAND Corporation) and Anupam Jena (Harvard Medical School) stated in the journal Health Affairs.

Professor Anupam Jena stated, “We think that the time needed to resolve medical malpractice lawsuits might be an important reason that doctors are so verbal concerning malpractice reform and that whichever endeavor at such reform will have to take the speed with which claims are solved into account.”


The limit for no-fault PIP benefits is $10,000 per individual for the loss sustained due to disease, sickness, or bodily injury ($5,000-death) that arise out of the possession, maintenance, or usage of a vehicle. You can consult a car wreck lawyer to verify this.

medicalpaymentscoverageMEDICAL PAYMENTS

An experienced auto accident law firm usually get victims 80% of all medical benefits for every reasonable expense for necessary surgical, medical, dental, X-ray, as well as rehabilitative services, which includes prosthetic devices, crutches, wheelchairs, slings, splints and neck braces. Medically necessary nursing and hospital services, and ambulance are covered, and benefits are paid for essential remedial treatment as well as services permitted and recognized under the state laws for an injured individual who relies exclusively on spiritual means with the aid of prayer for healing purposes due to religious beliefs.

If you’ve been through an auto accident, bear in mind that if you have coverage for medical payments through your car insurance policy, the coverage for medical payments will be secondary to the PIP coverage. The additional medical expenses, the 20% not covered, and perhaps the deductibles will or will not be insured by the further medical payments coverage. This system depends on what particular policy you have agreed to.


Florida Statutes state that as regards any services or treatment, other than certain emergency and hospital services, the charges statement provided to the insurance company by the provider will perhaps not include. In addition, the injured party and the insurer are not obligated to pay, payments for services or treatment rendered over 35 days before the statement’s postmark date, except for past due amounts formerly billed at an appropriate time. And excluding that, if the provider presents the insurer with a treatment initiation notice within 21 days following the first treatment or examination of the claimant. The statement could include charges for services or treatment rendered up to but not over 75 days before the statement’s postmark date. The insured individual has a duty to give the provider the correct address and name of the PIP insurer. Failure to do so could cause delayed settlements to the provider.

At the initial service or treatment provided, you’ll be obligated to sign an acknowledgment and disclosure form affirming that the services were truly rendered. It is your duty and right to affirm that the services stated were rendered; that you weren’t asked to request services from the provider; that the provider clarified the services; and that if you inform the insurance company of a billing inaccuracy, you may be enabled to have a share of the savings of the insurers.

Bear in mind that you may be eligible for a certain percentage reduction in the amount funded by the insurer of the vehicle if you inform that insurer about a billing inaccuracy.

A Bird’s Eye View on Malpractice

A specialized but important offshoot of negligence practice is professional liability or malpractice. The idea behind professional liability is that those who have special training and expertise should exercise the degree of care in dealing with patients or clients commensurate with other members of the calling. For example, for the purpose of treating injuries a doctor is held to the standard of care of other doctors similarly situated rather than the standard of care of someone who has not been to medical school.

Medical Malpractice Cases Have Become Intense

It is no secret that malpractice litigation has mushroomed in recent decades. The willingness of injured people to sure professionals has provoked widespread controversy. Injured plaintiffs are no longer willing to sit back and endure careless mistakes to those to whom they entrust their lives and fortunes. Defendants and insurance companies claim that increased litigation drives up the cost of services and drives competent professionals out of the business.

Although these questions cannot be answered in this book, the prospective lawyer may want to consider the social policy considerations inherent in this debate. Rhetoric sometimes casts the question in terms of pro- or anti-lawyer sentiment, but this is not an accurate characterization, because lawyers represent partisans on both sides of the issue. The real questions involve how and when injure persons should be compensated for injuries and when they should bear the risk of loss themselves.

The largest segment of malpractice litigation involves doctors. It is not the case that doctors must always be correct, only that they must make reasonable judgments under the circumstances. Doctors are also required to inform patients of the potential risks of a particular proposed course of treatment. In medical malpractice, as well as other forms of professional liability, expert testimony is usually required to establish the elements of the plaintiff’s case.

In order to show what a reasonable doctor would have done, the plaintiff’s lawyer must introduce testimony from another doctor to that effect. Because of this requirement and the complexity and medical problems themselves, malpractice litigation can be an extremely complicated business. As with other areas of tort law, insurance is almost always present, and settlement of claims occurs far more often than jury trials.

Medical Malpractice and other Liability Cases

Although medical malpractice dominates the professional liability field, other professionals are increasingly subject to suits by their clients. Lawyers, accountants, ministers, teachers, and other professionals have successfully been sued for malpractice. Even in areas that have not traditionally been recognized as professions, individuals holding themselves out as possessing superior expertise have been held to the standards they profess.

Thus, a plumber may hold himself out of the public as knowing more about how to fix pipes than ordinary laymen. He cannot be heard to complain that he did as good a job as an ordinary person when his plumbing job is done poorly compared to the work of other plumbers. In this environment, everybody who possesses special knowledge or qualifications (and probably charges higher fees accordingly) should understand the professional standard to which they will be held under the law and should obtain insurance to protect against the risk of malpractice.